Editors Note: At left and below are seperate but related articles from Mary Dinkins' scrapbook circa May 1914.
The article in the left column is from an unknown paper and the one in the right column appears to be from the Newark (NJ) Evening Star.



Senator Vardaman Offers an Amendment Which Would Return Question to Diplomatic Conference of Two Nations

Washington, May 19.-- There is a far deeper significance than appears upon the surface in the amendment refered to the tolls question which Senator Vardaman to-day offered. It may carry, and many conservative Senators think it will carry the wise and patriotic solution of the vexed and dividing issue.
   It was at 4 o'clock that Senator Vardaman presented his amendment, and accompanied it with a brief speech preliminary to a longer speech he is to make within a fey days. The amendment reads:
   The amendment would suspend the canal law until July 1, 1915, at which time it would go into effect automatically. Meanwhile the tolls would be collected from coastwise shipping; and segregated in the treasury, ultimately to be returned to the ship owners unless otherwise determined.
   The President is authorized to appoint not fewer than three, nor more than five commissioners to meet a like number appointed by Great Britain. These commissioners would be authorized to renew the diplomatic negotiations at the point where they yere stopped when Secretary of state Knox went out of office.


Mr. Vardamann emphasizes the fact that this amendment provides for a continuance of diplomatic negotiations and in no sense is an arbitration. The amendment sets forth that the purpose of the diplomatic conference is to take into consideration the pending controversy and the construction of the treaty so far as it relates to the right of the United States to exempt its coastwise shipping.
   This is not a hasty amendment offered as an impulsive substitute. It is one of the most carefully thought out and fully prepared measures presented during the entire session. It meets the approval of some of the most powerful Senators upon both sides of the canal question, and it may be adopted as a compromise which many serious Senators believe to be necessary to save the Democratic party and to prevent trouble to the country.
   There has been growing for several weeks among Senators and newspapers supporting the President the feeling that the menace of Democratic decision in the November elections on this question was growing more pronounced every day. Which ever way the Cana tolls issue is settled, It will be by a narrow margin.
   Whether the President is alarmed by this or not, there are many Administration Senators who are alarmed and would be glad to settle this question, jointly in regard to toe President's obstinate opposition to free tolls and to their own safe return in November.


The terms of the Vardaman amendment provide just this compromise. It is an effort to exhaust diplomacy before going to arbitration. It repeals for a time the exemption clause, to be renewed at the end of a year, unless later and more tranquil determination can decide otherwise. It saves the position of the President, as is saves the pride and independence of the country.
   It prevents the inevitable bitter ness that will be felt toward England... 



   Senator Vardaman's an arraignment of the administration in his speech in the Senate yesterday on the Panama tolls bill will have Democratic echoes through out the country. The works uttered by the Mississippi Senator are those of a Democratic leader and of one who helped to frame the Democratic national platform at Baltimore.
   To him it is amazing that the principal pledge in that platform, the sovereignty of the United States in the Panama Canal, which was affirmed by all Democratic speakers and candidates, including the candidate for President, during the campaign, should be denied by Senator Root, a reactionary Republican, and the denial be supported and urged upon Congress by the Democratic President and secretary of state.
   The Senate is a forum of decorous debate. However strong may be the feelings of a Senator, he is exceedingly circumspect in his language. Senator La Follette is one exception and the Mississippi Senator is another. But in the tolls debate there has been too little of plain, unvarnished talk.. This has been a time to call a spade a spade, and Mr. Vardaman in his speech invited the scurrilous abuse of the railroad press by his plain English.



Original Articles